If yes, you may have a chronic bronchitis type of COPD that will respond to different medicines. By depriving your body of adequate oxygen you run the risk of putting undue stress on your heart and potentially developing heart failure.
Quitting smoking may reduce this risk. As many as half are unaware that they have it. The most significant risk factor for COPD is long-term cigarette smoking.
Diagnosis is based on symptoms, a physical exam, and diagnostic test results. These tests can help determine if you have COPD or a different condition, such as asthmaa restrictive lung disease, or heart failure.
Pipe smokers, cigar smokers and marijuana smokers also may be at risk, as well as people exposed to large amounts of secondhand smoke. In the developing world, people exposed to fumes from burning fuel for cooking and heating in poorly ventilated homes are at higher risk of developing COPD.